Experiments on how photo- and background ionization affect positive streamers: oxygen concentration, repetition and radioactivity

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Positive streamers in air and other oxygen-nitrogen mixtures are generally believed to propagate against the electron drift direction due to photo-ionization. Photo-ionization is the non-local ionization of O2-molecules by UV radiation from excited N2-molecules. This facilitates the streamer propagation by creating free electrons ahead of it. The relative importance of photo-ionization depends on the O2/N2 ratio. Another possible source of free electrons in front of the positive streamer is background ionization. This can be ionization left by previous discharges or by other processes such as cosmic rays or (natural) radio-activity. We study the effects of both photo- and background-ionization on propagation and morphology of positive streamers by changing gas composition and repetition frequency. One particular gas composition is pure nitrogen with a small amount of radio-active 85Kr added to increase background ionization.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 30th International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases (ICPIG 2011), August 28th- September 2nd, 2011, Belfast, UK
PagesC10-1/4
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event30th International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases (ICPIG 2011), August 28 - September 2, 2011, Belfast, UK - Belfast, United Kingdom
Duration: 28 Aug 20112 Sep 2011
http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/icpig2011/

Conference

Conference30th International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases (ICPIG 2011), August 28 - September 2, 2011, Belfast, UK
Abbreviated titleICPIG 2011
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityBelfast
Period28/08/112/09/11
Internet address

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radioactivity
repetition
ionization
oxygen
photoionization
gas composition
free electrons
nitrogen
propagation
molecules
cosmic rays
air
radiation
electrons

Cite this

Nijdam, S., Veldhuizen, van, E. M., & Ebert, U. (2011). Experiments on how photo- and background ionization affect positive streamers: oxygen concentration, repetition and radioactivity. In Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases (ICPIG 2011), August 28th- September 2nd, 2011, Belfast, UK (pp. C10-1/4)
Nijdam, S. ; Veldhuizen, van, E.M. ; Ebert, U. / Experiments on how photo- and background ionization affect positive streamers: oxygen concentration, repetition and radioactivity. Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases (ICPIG 2011), August 28th- September 2nd, 2011, Belfast, UK. 2011. pp. C10-1/4
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abstract = "Positive streamers in air and other oxygen-nitrogen mixtures are generally believed to propagate against the electron drift direction due to photo-ionization. Photo-ionization is the non-local ionization of O2-molecules by UV radiation from excited N2-molecules. This facilitates the streamer propagation by creating free electrons ahead of it. The relative importance of photo-ionization depends on the O2/N2 ratio. Another possible source of free electrons in front of the positive streamer is background ionization. This can be ionization left by previous discharges or by other processes such as cosmic rays or (natural) radio-activity. We study the effects of both photo- and background-ionization on propagation and morphology of positive streamers by changing gas composition and repetition frequency. One particular gas composition is pure nitrogen with a small amount of radio-active 85Kr added to increase background ionization.",
author = "S. Nijdam and {Veldhuizen, van}, E.M. and U. Ebert",
year = "2011",
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Nijdam, S, Veldhuizen, van, EM & Ebert, U 2011, Experiments on how photo- and background ionization affect positive streamers: oxygen concentration, repetition and radioactivity. in Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases (ICPIG 2011), August 28th- September 2nd, 2011, Belfast, UK. pp. C10-1/4, 30th International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases (ICPIG 2011), August 28 - September 2, 2011, Belfast, UK, Belfast, United Kingdom, 28/08/11.

Experiments on how photo- and background ionization affect positive streamers: oxygen concentration, repetition and radioactivity. / Nijdam, S.; Veldhuizen, van, E.M.; Ebert, U.

Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases (ICPIG 2011), August 28th- September 2nd, 2011, Belfast, UK. 2011. p. C10-1/4.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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N2 - Positive streamers in air and other oxygen-nitrogen mixtures are generally believed to propagate against the electron drift direction due to photo-ionization. Photo-ionization is the non-local ionization of O2-molecules by UV radiation from excited N2-molecules. This facilitates the streamer propagation by creating free electrons ahead of it. The relative importance of photo-ionization depends on the O2/N2 ratio. Another possible source of free electrons in front of the positive streamer is background ionization. This can be ionization left by previous discharges or by other processes such as cosmic rays or (natural) radio-activity. We study the effects of both photo- and background-ionization on propagation and morphology of positive streamers by changing gas composition and repetition frequency. One particular gas composition is pure nitrogen with a small amount of radio-active 85Kr added to increase background ionization.

AB - Positive streamers in air and other oxygen-nitrogen mixtures are generally believed to propagate against the electron drift direction due to photo-ionization. Photo-ionization is the non-local ionization of O2-molecules by UV radiation from excited N2-molecules. This facilitates the streamer propagation by creating free electrons ahead of it. The relative importance of photo-ionization depends on the O2/N2 ratio. Another possible source of free electrons in front of the positive streamer is background ionization. This can be ionization left by previous discharges or by other processes such as cosmic rays or (natural) radio-activity. We study the effects of both photo- and background-ionization on propagation and morphology of positive streamers by changing gas composition and repetition frequency. One particular gas composition is pure nitrogen with a small amount of radio-active 85Kr added to increase background ionization.

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Nijdam S, Veldhuizen, van EM, Ebert U. Experiments on how photo- and background ionization affect positive streamers: oxygen concentration, repetition and radioactivity. In Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases (ICPIG 2011), August 28th- September 2nd, 2011, Belfast, UK. 2011. p. C10-1/4