Experimenting in the city: unpacking notions of experimentation for sustainability

F. Sengers, F. Berkhout, A. J. Wieczorek, R. Raven

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)


This chapter articulates a comprehensive definition of the notion of ‘experimentation’ in the context of urban sustainability transitions. Highlighting a number of key dimensions, we argue that experiments can be analysed according to the degree to which they are (1) inclusive, (2) systemic, (3) practice-based, (4) challenge-led and (5) adaptive in the face of uncertainty and ambiguity in fostering socio-technical change. We point out a number of urban governance challenges related to coordination, commitment and negotiation, and we highlight a number of promising avenues for future research on experimenting in the city.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe experimental city
EditorsJ. Evans, A. Karvonen, R. Raven
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherRoutledge Taylor & Francis Group
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-315-71982-5
ISBN (Print)978-1-138-85620-2
Publication statusPublished - May 2016

Publication series

NameRoutledge Research in Sustainable Urbanism


Dive into the research topics of 'Experimenting in the city: unpacking notions of experimentation for sustainability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this