Experimental validation of a pulse wave propagation model for predicting hemodynamics after vascular access surgery

W. Huberts, K. Canneyt, Van, P. Segers, S. Eloot, J.H.M. Tordoir, P.R. Verdonck, F.N. Vosse, van de, E.M.H. Bosboom

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Abstract

Hemodialysis patients require a vascular access that is, preferably, surgically created by connecting an artery and vein in the arm, i.e. an arteriovenous fistula (AVF). The site for AVF creation is chosen by the surgeon based on preoperative diagnostics, but AVFs are still compromised by flow-associated complications. Previously, it was shown that a computational 1D-model is able to describe pressure and flow after AVF surgery. However, predicted flows differed from measurements in 4/10 patients. Differences can be attributed to inaccuracies in Doppler measurements and input data, to neglecting physiological mechanisms or to an incomplete physical description of the pulse wave propagation after AVF surgery. The physical description can be checked by validating against an experimental setup consisting of silicone tubes mimicking the aorta and arm vasculature both before and after AVF surgery, which is the aim of the current study. In such an analysis, the output uncertainty resulting from measurement uncertainty in model input should be quantified. The computational model was fed by geometrical and mechanical properties collected from the setup. Pressure and flow waveforms were simulated and compared with experimental waveforms. The precision of the simulations was determined by performing a Monte Carlo study. It was concluded that the computational model was able to simulate mean pressures and flows accurately, whereas simulated waveforms were less attenuated than experimental ones, likely resulting from neglecting viscoelasticity. Furthermore, it was found that in the analysis output uncertainties, resulting from input uncertainties, cannot be neglected and should thus be considered.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1684-1691
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume45
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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