A full-field hydrodynamic study under riser flow conditions is performed, by using a combined Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Digital Image Analysis (DIA) technique. The employment of a temporal histogram-based method (THM) enables an accurate measurement of the solids volume fraction over the full field of a pseudo-2D riser unit. The full visual access to the riser section enables a complete characterization of the complex transient particulate phase flow patterns. Full-field riser hydrodynamics are quantified at different operating conditions defined by the superficial gas velocity. Under these conditions, a cluster detection method is utilized to characterize the heterogeneity of the riser flow.
Carlos Varas, A. E., Peters, E. A. J. F., & Kuipers, J. A. M. (2017). Experimental study of full field riser hydrodynamics by PIV/DIA coupling. Powder Technology, 313, 402-416. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2017.01.055