Experimental investigation on residual stresses in heavy wide flange QST steel sections

R.C. Spoorenberg, H.H. Snijder, L.-G. Cajot, M.S. May

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This paper presents the experimental results of residual stress measurements conducted on heavy wide flange quenched and self-tempered (QST) steel sections which have been developed by ArcelorMittal under the proprietary name HISTAR (HIgh-STrength ARcelorMittal). These sections are often applied in high-rise buildings, trusses or offshore structures and combine high strength with good toughness and weldability. The experiments are part of a larger study to arrive at buckling curves for these members as they are currently not provided by the European code. Two different sections with flange thicknesses greater than 100 mm are investigated and two types are examined: the stocky HD and more slender HL type. The sectioning method is adopted for measuring the residual stresses. It is found that both types display compres-sive residual stresses at the flange tips and the web and tensile residual stresses at the web-to-flange junc-tions. In absolute sense the residual stresses are greater in the HL type. From the experimental results a residual stress model is derived which can serve as the initial stress state of a heavy HISTAR section in non-linear finite element analyses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-74
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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