Experimental investigation of multistage electrodialysis for seawater desalination

G.J. Doornbusch, M. Tedesco, J. W. Post, Z. Borneman, K. Nijmeijer (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrodialysis (ED) is currently used for selective removal of ions and brackish water desalination, while for seawater desalination ED is considered to be too energy intensive. This research focuses on the viability of ED using multiple stages for seawater desalination. With staging, the driving force is adapted to the governing conditions at that specific stage, operating at its individual optimum at lower energy consumption. An ED multistage configuration is examined that contains up to four stages. We compare single stage with multistage ED and investigate the effect of operation parameters. Different current densities are applied and optimized and residence time is compared to describe both transmembrane salt and water fluxes. We showed that desalination from 500 mM to 200 mM is possible, but that for these desalination conditions a multistage and single-stage system perform equal. Operation of each stage of the multistage close to limiting current density shows that desalination of synthetic seawater close to drinking water quality is possible. To reach this, the energy consumption is 3.6 kWh/m3 and at least 4 stages are needed. Although outlet concentrations between ED and RO are different, this non-optimized ED system showed double the energy consumption of the state-of-the-art desalination technology RO.

LanguageEnglish
Pages105-114
Number of pages10
JournalDesalination
Volume464
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2019

Fingerprint

Electrodialysis
Desalination
Seawater
desalination
seawater
Energy utilization
density current
Current density
brackish water
residence time
Potable water
Drinking Water
viability
Water quality
drinking water
Water
salt
Salts
water quality
Ions

Keywords

  • Electrodialysis
  • Energy consumption
  • Multistage
  • Seawater desalination
  • Water transport

Cite this

@article{dd97ba79b66c4d8f980d7183d998cd68,
title = "Experimental investigation of multistage electrodialysis for seawater desalination",
abstract = "Electrodialysis (ED) is currently used for selective removal of ions and brackish water desalination, while for seawater desalination ED is considered to be too energy intensive. This research focuses on the viability of ED using multiple stages for seawater desalination. With staging, the driving force is adapted to the governing conditions at that specific stage, operating at its individual optimum at lower energy consumption. An ED multistage configuration is examined that contains up to four stages. We compare single stage with multistage ED and investigate the effect of operation parameters. Different current densities are applied and optimized and residence time is compared to describe both transmembrane salt and water fluxes. We showed that desalination from 500 mM to 200 mM is possible, but that for these desalination conditions a multistage and single-stage system perform equal. Operation of each stage of the multistage close to limiting current density shows that desalination of synthetic seawater close to drinking water quality is possible. To reach this, the energy consumption is 3.6 kWh/m3 and at least 4 stages are needed. Although outlet concentrations between ED and RO are different, this non-optimized ED system showed double the energy consumption of the state-of-the-art desalination technology RO.",
keywords = "Electrodialysis, Energy consumption, Multistage, Seawater desalination, Water transport",
author = "G.J. Doornbusch and M. Tedesco and Post, {J. W.} and Z. Borneman and K. Nijmeijer",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.desal.2019.04.025",
language = "English",
volume = "464",
pages = "105--114",
journal = "Desalination",
issn = "0011-9164",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Experimental investigation of multistage electrodialysis for seawater desalination. / Doornbusch, G.J.; Tedesco, M.; Post, J. W.; Borneman, Z.; Nijmeijer, K. (Corresponding author).

In: Desalination, Vol. 464, 15.08.2019, p. 105-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experimental investigation of multistage electrodialysis for seawater desalination

AU - Doornbusch,G.J.

AU - Tedesco,M.

AU - Post,J. W.

AU - Borneman,Z.

AU - Nijmeijer,K.

PY - 2019/8/15

Y1 - 2019/8/15

N2 - Electrodialysis (ED) is currently used for selective removal of ions and brackish water desalination, while for seawater desalination ED is considered to be too energy intensive. This research focuses on the viability of ED using multiple stages for seawater desalination. With staging, the driving force is adapted to the governing conditions at that specific stage, operating at its individual optimum at lower energy consumption. An ED multistage configuration is examined that contains up to four stages. We compare single stage with multistage ED and investigate the effect of operation parameters. Different current densities are applied and optimized and residence time is compared to describe both transmembrane salt and water fluxes. We showed that desalination from 500 mM to 200 mM is possible, but that for these desalination conditions a multistage and single-stage system perform equal. Operation of each stage of the multistage close to limiting current density shows that desalination of synthetic seawater close to drinking water quality is possible. To reach this, the energy consumption is 3.6 kWh/m3 and at least 4 stages are needed. Although outlet concentrations between ED and RO are different, this non-optimized ED system showed double the energy consumption of the state-of-the-art desalination technology RO.

AB - Electrodialysis (ED) is currently used for selective removal of ions and brackish water desalination, while for seawater desalination ED is considered to be too energy intensive. This research focuses on the viability of ED using multiple stages for seawater desalination. With staging, the driving force is adapted to the governing conditions at that specific stage, operating at its individual optimum at lower energy consumption. An ED multistage configuration is examined that contains up to four stages. We compare single stage with multistage ED and investigate the effect of operation parameters. Different current densities are applied and optimized and residence time is compared to describe both transmembrane salt and water fluxes. We showed that desalination from 500 mM to 200 mM is possible, but that for these desalination conditions a multistage and single-stage system perform equal. Operation of each stage of the multistage close to limiting current density shows that desalination of synthetic seawater close to drinking water quality is possible. To reach this, the energy consumption is 3.6 kWh/m3 and at least 4 stages are needed. Although outlet concentrations between ED and RO are different, this non-optimized ED system showed double the energy consumption of the state-of-the-art desalination technology RO.

KW - Electrodialysis

KW - Energy consumption

KW - Multistage

KW - Seawater desalination

KW - Water transport

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064948822&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.desal.2019.04.025

DO - 10.1016/j.desal.2019.04.025

M3 - Article

VL - 464

SP - 105

EP - 114

JO - Desalination

T2 - Desalination

JF - Desalination

SN - 0011-9164

ER -