Expectations as a key to understanding actor strategies in the field of fuel cell and hydrogen vehicles

Björn Budde, Floortje Alkemade, K. Matthias Weber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)


Due to its environmental impact, the mobility system is increasingly under pressure. The challenges to cope with climate change, air quality, depleting fossil resources imply the need for a transition of the current mobility system towards a more sustainable one. Expectations and visions have been identified as crucial in the guidance of such transitions, and more specifically of actor strategies. Still, it remained unclear why the actors involved in transition activities appear to change their strategies frequently and suddenly. The empirical analysis of the expectations and strategies of three actors in the field of hydrogen and fuel cell technology indicates that changing actor strategies can be explained by rather volatile expectations related to different levels. Our case studies of the strategies of two large car manufacturers and the German government demonstrate that the car manufacturers refer strongly to expectations about the future regime, while expectations related to the socio-technical landscape level appear to be crucial for the strategy of the German government.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1072-1083
Number of pages12
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Automotive industry
  • Expectations
  • Fuel cells
  • Hydrogen
  • Strategy
  • Sustainability


Dive into the research topics of 'Expectations as a key to understanding actor strategies in the field of fuel cell and hydrogen vehicles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this