Biomaterial injectates are promising as a therapy for myocardial infarction to inhibit the adverse ventricular remodeling. The current study explored interrelated effects of injectate volume and infarct size on treatment efficacy. A finite element model of a rat heart was utilized to represent ischemic infarcts of 10%, 20%, and 38% of left ventricular wall volume and polyethylene glycol hydrogel injectates of 25%, 50%, and 75% of the infarct volume. Ejection fraction was 49.7% in the healthy left ventricle and 44.9%, 46.4%, 47.4%, and 47.3% in the untreated 10% infarct and treated with 25%, 50%, and 75% injectate, respectively. Maximum end-systolic infarct fiber stress was 41.6, 53.4, 44.7, 44.0, and 45.3 kPa in the healthy heart, the untreated 10% infarct, and when treated with the three injectate volumes, respectively. Treating the 10% and 38% infarcts with the 25% injectate volume reduced the maximum end-systolic fiber stress by 16.3% and 34.7% and the associated strain by 30.2% and 9.8%, respectively. The results indicate the existence of a threshold for injectate volume above which efficacy does not further increase but may decrease. The efficacy of an injectate in reducing infarct stress and strain changes with infarct size.
|Journal||International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2016|
- cardiac function
- finite element method
- indentation tests
- polyethylene glycol
- ventricular remodeling