Evaluation of real-time 8 x 56.25 Gb/s (400G) PAM-4 for inter-data center application over 80 km of SSMF at 1550 nm

Nicklas Eiselt, Jinlong Wei, Helmut Griesser, Annika Dochhan, Michael H. Eiselt, Jörg-Peter Elbers, Juan José Vegas Olmos, Idelfonso Tafur Monroy

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Leveraging client optics based on intensity modulation and direct detection for point-to-point inter-data center interconnect applications is a cost and power efficient solution, but challenging in terms of optical signal-to-noise ratio requirements and chromatic dispersion tolerance. In this paper, real-time 8 x 28.125 GBd dense wavelength division multiplexing four-level pulse amplitude modulation (PAM-4) transmission over up to 80 km standard single mode fiber in the C-Band is demonstrated. Using a combination of optical dispersion compensation and electronic equalization, results below a bit error rate of 1e-6 are achieved and indicate sufficient margin to transmit over even longer distances, if an forward error correction (FEC) threshold of 3.8e-3 is assumed. Moreover, single channel 28.125 GBd PAM4 is evaluated against optical effects such as optical bandwidth limitations, chromatic dispersion tolerance, and optical amplified spontaneous emission noise.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7589089
Pages (from-to)955-962
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • DWDM transmission
  • modulation
  • optical fiber communication
  • pulse amplitude modulation

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