Evaluation of personalized treatment goals on engagement of SMI patients with an mHealth app

Lorenzo James, Jordi M.A. van Heugten, Pieter Van Gorp, Raoul C.Y. Nuijten, Barbara Montagne, Muriel Hagenaars, Lily E. Frank

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
162 Downloads (Pure)


Mobile health (mhealth) tools are regularly used in a wide range of mental health domains to assess and monitor patients, potentially increasing patient engagement. Recent studies demonstrated that tailored approaches provide better results than generic approaches.
However, the effectiveness of tailoring has not yet been investigated empirically for patients with severe mental illnesses (SMIs). It also remains unclear how personalized goals, which are critical from a treatment point of view, impact engagement. Therefore, we designed a novel mHealth tool to increase SMI patient engagement with their personal goals which we evaluated empirically. We designed a two-period, two-arm within-subject crossover study in which 4 participants were exposed to personalized and non-personalized behavioral goals. Contrary to expectations, personalized behavioral goals did not have a significant impact on engagement levels. When considering our participant feedback and also in the context of flow theory, we rationalized that our goal personalization strategy was too static for SMI patients. Therefore, in our future work, we will investigate dynamic strategies that adapt goal difficulty over time.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2022 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2022
EditorsDonald Adjeroh, Qi Long, Xinghua Shi, Fei Guo, Xiaohua Hu, Srinivas Aluru, Giri Narasimhan, Jianxin Wang, Mingon Kang, Ananda M. Mondal, Jin Liu
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-6819-0
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2023
Event2022 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine (BIBM) - Caesers Palace, Las Vegas, United States
Duration: 6 Dec 20229 Dec 2022
Conference number: 15


Conference2022 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine (BIBM)
Abbreviated titleBIBM 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLas Vegas
Internet address


  • mHealth
  • personalization
  • goal setting
  • engagement
  • severe mental illness
  • FACT


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