Evaluation of pedestrian wind comfort near ‘lift-up’ buildings with different aspect ratios and central core modifications

Xuelin Zhang, K. T. Tse, A. U. Weerasuriya, S. W. Li, K. C.S. Kwok, Cheuk Ming Mak, Jianlei Niu, Zhang Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


Owing to the void space at lower heights, lift-up buildings have high building permeability at ground level and subsequently improve the air circulation in congested urban areas. Despite this advantage, the lift-up design has been sparsely adopted for buildings in urban areas partly because of the lack of understanding of the combined effects of building dimensions and lift-up design on the surrounding pedestrian level wind (PLW) field. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the influence of lift-up buildings with different aspect ratios (height/width) on the surrounding PLW field and pedestrian wind comfort level. Five lift-up buildings with aspect ratios 4:1 to 0.5:1 were tested in a boundary layer wind tunnel and results were compared with those of five buildings with similar dimensions but without lift-up design. The results reveal a strong dependence of the maximum wind speed in lift-up areas with building height, which results subsequently a small area of acceptable wind conditions near tall and slender lift-up buildings. Lift-up designs adopted for short and wide buildings produce larger areas of pedestrian wind comfort. The central cores modified with corner modifications are effective in increasing the pedestrian wind comfort in the lift-up area of tall and slender buildings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-257
Number of pages13
JournalBuilding and Environment
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Building dimension
  • Corner modification
  • Lift-up building
  • Pedestrian wind comfort
  • Wind tunnel test


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