TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation and comparison of routes to obtain pressure coefficients from high pressure capillary rheometry data

AU - Cardinaels, R.M.

AU - Van Puyvelde, P.

AU - Moldenaers, P.

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - A capillary rheometer equipped with a pressure chamber is used to measure the pressure-dependent viscosity of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), poly-a-methylstyrene-co-acrylonitrile (PaMSAN), and low-density polyethylene (LDPE). Data analysis schemes are discussed to obtain pressure coefficients at constant shear rate and at constant shear stress. It is shown that the constant shear stress pressure coefficients have the advantage of being shear stress independent for the three polymers. The constant shear rate pressure coefficients, on the other hand, turn out to depend on shear rate, which makes them less suitable for use, e.g., in process simulations. In addition to the commonly used superposition method, a direct calculation method for the pressure coefficients is tested. Values obtained from both methods are equivalent. However, the latter requires less experimental and calculational efforts. From the obtained pressure coefficients, it is clear that PMMA and PaMSAN have a very similar pressure dependence, while LDPE is less sensitive to pressure.

AB - A capillary rheometer equipped with a pressure chamber is used to measure the pressure-dependent viscosity of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), poly-a-methylstyrene-co-acrylonitrile (PaMSAN), and low-density polyethylene (LDPE). Data analysis schemes are discussed to obtain pressure coefficients at constant shear rate and at constant shear stress. It is shown that the constant shear stress pressure coefficients have the advantage of being shear stress independent for the three polymers. The constant shear rate pressure coefficients, on the other hand, turn out to depend on shear rate, which makes them less suitable for use, e.g., in process simulations. In addition to the commonly used superposition method, a direct calculation method for the pressure coefficients is tested. Values obtained from both methods are equivalent. However, the latter requires less experimental and calculational efforts. From the obtained pressure coefficients, it is clear that PMMA and PaMSAN have a very similar pressure dependence, while LDPE is less sensitive to pressure.

U2 - 10.1007/s00397-006-0148-5

DO - 10.1007/s00397-006-0148-5

M3 - Article

SN - 0035-4511

VL - 46

SP - 495

EP - 505

JO - Rheologica Acta

JF - Rheologica Acta

IS - 4

ER -