Evaluating stereoscopic displays : both efficiency measures and perceived workload sensitive to manipulations in binocular disparity

M.H.P.H. Beurden, van, W.A. IJsselsteijn, Y.A.W. Kort, de

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Stereoscopic displays are known to offer a number of key advantages in visualizing complex 3D structures or datasets. The large majority of studies that focus on evaluating stereoscopic displays for professional applications use completion time and/or the percentage of correct answers to measure potential performance advantages. However, completion time and accuracy may not fully reflect all the benefits of stereoscopic displays. In this paper, we argue that perceived workload is an additional valuable indicator reflecting the extent to which users can benefit from using stereoscopic displays. We performed an experiment in which participants were asked to perform a visual path-tracing task within a convoluted 3D wireframe structure, varying in level of complexity of the visualised structure and level of disparity of the visualisation. The results showed that an optimal performance (completion time, accuracy and workload), depend both on task difficulty and disparity level. Stereoscopic disparity revealed a faster and more accurate task performance, whereas we observed a trend that performance on difficult tasks stands to benefit more from higher levels of disparity than performance on easy tasks. Perceived workload (as measured using the NASA-TLX) showed a similar response pattern, providing evidence that perceived workload is sensitive to variations in disparity as well as task difficulty. This suggests that perceived workload could be a useful concept, in addition to standard performance indicators, in characterising and measuring human performance advantages when using stereoscopic displays.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStereoscopic Displays and Applications XXII
EditorsA.J. Woods, N.S. Holliman, N.A. Dodgson
Place of PublicationBellingham, USA
ISBN (Print)9780819484000
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventStereoscopic displays and applications XXII -
Duration: 24 Jan 201127 Jan 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


ConferenceStereoscopic displays and applications XXII
OtherStereoscopic displays and applications XXII


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