Abstract. Monitoring the uterine contraction provides important prognostic information during pregnancy and parturition. The existing methods employed in clinical practice impose a compromise between reliability and invasiveness. A promising technique for uterine contraction monitoring is electrohysterography (EHG). The EHG signal measures the electrical activity which triggers the contraction of the uterine muscle. In this paper, a non-invasive method for intrauterine pressure (IUP) estimation by EHG signal analysis is proposed. The EHG signal is regarded as a non-stationary signal whose frequency and amplitude characteristics are related to the IUP. After acquisition in a multi-channel configuration, the EHG signal is therefore analyzed in the time–frequency domain. A first estimation of the IUP is then derived by calculation of the unnormalized first statistical moment of the frequency spectrum. The estimation accuracy is finally increased by identification of a second-order polynomial model. The proposed method is compared to root mean squared analysis and optimal linear filtering and validated by simultaneous measurement of the IUP on nine women during labor. The results suggest that the proposed EHG signal analysis provides an accurate estimate of the IUP.