Erythrocyte membrane modified janus polymeric motors for thrombus therapy

Jingxin Shao, Mona Abdelghani, Guizhi Shen, Shoupeng Cao, David S. Williams, Jan C.M. van Hest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the construction of erythrocyte membrane-cloaked Janus polymeric motors (EM-JPMs) which are propelled by near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation and are successfully applied in thrombus ablation. Chitosan (a natural polysaccharide with positive charge, CHI) and heparin (glycosaminoglycan with negative charge, Hep) were selected as wall materials to construct biodegradable and biocompatible capsules through the layer-by-layer self-assembly technique. By partially coating the capsule with a gold (Au) layer through sputter coating, a NIR-responsive Janus structure was obtained. Due to the asymmetric distribution of Au, a local thermal gradient was generated upon NIR irradiation, resulting in the movement of the JPMs through the self-thermophoresis effect. The reversible "on/off" motion of the JPMs and their motile behavior were easily tuned by the incident NIR laser intensity. After biointerfacing the Janus capsules with an erythrocyte membrane, the EM-JPMs displayed red blood cell related properties, which enabled them to move efficiently in relevant biological environments (cell culture, serum, and blood). Furthermore, this therapeutic platform exhibited excellent performance in ablation of thrombus through photothermal therapy. As man-made micromotors, these biohybrid EM-JPMs hold great promise of navigating in vivo for active delivery while overcoming the drawbacks of existing synthetic therapeutic platforms. We expect that this biohybrid motor has considerable potential to be widely used in the biomedical field.

LanguageEnglish
Pages4877-4885
Number of pages9
JournalACS Nano
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 May 2018

Fingerprint

Janus
erythrocytes
therapy
membranes
Capsules
Membranes
capsules
Infrared lasers
Ablation
Blood
infrared lasers
ablation
Micromotors
Thermophoresis
Infrared radiation
Coatings
platforms
micromotors
Chitosan
thermophoresis

Keywords

  • anti-thrombus
  • biocompatibility
  • biostealth coating
  • erythrocyte membrane
  • Janus polymeric motors

Cite this

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title = "Erythrocyte membrane modified janus polymeric motors for thrombus therapy",
abstract = "We report the construction of erythrocyte membrane-cloaked Janus polymeric motors (EM-JPMs) which are propelled by near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation and are successfully applied in thrombus ablation. Chitosan (a natural polysaccharide with positive charge, CHI) and heparin (glycosaminoglycan with negative charge, Hep) were selected as wall materials to construct biodegradable and biocompatible capsules through the layer-by-layer self-assembly technique. By partially coating the capsule with a gold (Au) layer through sputter coating, a NIR-responsive Janus structure was obtained. Due to the asymmetric distribution of Au, a local thermal gradient was generated upon NIR irradiation, resulting in the movement of the JPMs through the self-thermophoresis effect. The reversible {"}on/off{"} motion of the JPMs and their motile behavior were easily tuned by the incident NIR laser intensity. After biointerfacing the Janus capsules with an erythrocyte membrane, the EM-JPMs displayed red blood cell related properties, which enabled them to move efficiently in relevant biological environments (cell culture, serum, and blood). Furthermore, this therapeutic platform exhibited excellent performance in ablation of thrombus through photothermal therapy. As man-made micromotors, these biohybrid EM-JPMs hold great promise of navigating in vivo for active delivery while overcoming the drawbacks of existing synthetic therapeutic platforms. We expect that this biohybrid motor has considerable potential to be widely used in the biomedical field.",
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Erythrocyte membrane modified janus polymeric motors for thrombus therapy. / Shao, Jingxin; Abdelghani, Mona; Shen, Guizhi; Cao, Shoupeng; Williams, David S.; van Hest, Jan C.M.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 12, No. 5, 22.05.2018, p. 4877-4885.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Erythrocyte membrane modified janus polymeric motors for thrombus therapy

AU - Shao,Jingxin

AU - Abdelghani,Mona

AU - Shen,Guizhi

AU - Cao,Shoupeng

AU - Williams,David S.

AU - van Hest,Jan C.M.

PY - 2018/5/22

Y1 - 2018/5/22

N2 - We report the construction of erythrocyte membrane-cloaked Janus polymeric motors (EM-JPMs) which are propelled by near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation and are successfully applied in thrombus ablation. Chitosan (a natural polysaccharide with positive charge, CHI) and heparin (glycosaminoglycan with negative charge, Hep) were selected as wall materials to construct biodegradable and biocompatible capsules through the layer-by-layer self-assembly technique. By partially coating the capsule with a gold (Au) layer through sputter coating, a NIR-responsive Janus structure was obtained. Due to the asymmetric distribution of Au, a local thermal gradient was generated upon NIR irradiation, resulting in the movement of the JPMs through the self-thermophoresis effect. The reversible "on/off" motion of the JPMs and their motile behavior were easily tuned by the incident NIR laser intensity. After biointerfacing the Janus capsules with an erythrocyte membrane, the EM-JPMs displayed red blood cell related properties, which enabled them to move efficiently in relevant biological environments (cell culture, serum, and blood). Furthermore, this therapeutic platform exhibited excellent performance in ablation of thrombus through photothermal therapy. As man-made micromotors, these biohybrid EM-JPMs hold great promise of navigating in vivo for active delivery while overcoming the drawbacks of existing synthetic therapeutic platforms. We expect that this biohybrid motor has considerable potential to be widely used in the biomedical field.

AB - We report the construction of erythrocyte membrane-cloaked Janus polymeric motors (EM-JPMs) which are propelled by near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation and are successfully applied in thrombus ablation. Chitosan (a natural polysaccharide with positive charge, CHI) and heparin (glycosaminoglycan with negative charge, Hep) were selected as wall materials to construct biodegradable and biocompatible capsules through the layer-by-layer self-assembly technique. By partially coating the capsule with a gold (Au) layer through sputter coating, a NIR-responsive Janus structure was obtained. Due to the asymmetric distribution of Au, a local thermal gradient was generated upon NIR irradiation, resulting in the movement of the JPMs through the self-thermophoresis effect. The reversible "on/off" motion of the JPMs and their motile behavior were easily tuned by the incident NIR laser intensity. After biointerfacing the Janus capsules with an erythrocyte membrane, the EM-JPMs displayed red blood cell related properties, which enabled them to move efficiently in relevant biological environments (cell culture, serum, and blood). Furthermore, this therapeutic platform exhibited excellent performance in ablation of thrombus through photothermal therapy. As man-made micromotors, these biohybrid EM-JPMs hold great promise of navigating in vivo for active delivery while overcoming the drawbacks of existing synthetic therapeutic platforms. We expect that this biohybrid motor has considerable potential to be widely used in the biomedical field.

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EP - 4885

JO - ACS Nano

T2 - ACS Nano

JF - ACS Nano

SN - 1936-0851

IS - 5

ER -