This paper proposes to exploit content and usage information to rearrange an inverted index for a full-text IR system. The idea is to merge the entries of two frequently co-occurring terms, either in the collection or in the answered queries, to form a single, paired, entry. Since postings common to paired terms are not replicated, the resulting
index is more compact. In addition, queries containing terms that have been paired are answered faster since we can exploit the pre-computed posting intersection. In order to choose which terms have to be paired, we formulate the term pairing problem as a Maximum-Weight Matching Graph problem, and we evaluate in our scenario efficiency and efficacy of both an exact and a heuristic solution. We apply our technique: (i) to compact a compressed inverted file built on an actual Web collection of documents, and (ii ) to increase capacity of an in-memory posting list. Experiments showed that in the first case our approach can improve the compression ratio of up to 7.7%, while we measured a saving from 12% up to 18% in the size of the posting cache.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Web Information Systems Engineering (WISE 2009), 5-7 October 2009, Poznan, Poland|
|Editors||G. Vossen, D.E. Long, J.X. Lu|
|Place of Publication||Berlin|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
|Name||Lecture Notes in Computer Science|