Enhanced modal dispersion estimation enabled by chromatic dispersion compensation in optical vector network analysis

John van Weerdenburg (Corresponding author), Simon Rommel, Jose Manuel Delgado Mendinueta, Werner Klaus, Jun Sakaguchi, Juan Jose Vegas Olmos, Ton Koonen, Yoshinari Awaji, Idelfonso Tafur Monroy, Chigo Okonkwo, Naoya Wada

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Abstract

Component characterization is fundamental for understanding the limits of optical devices, sub-systems, and transmission systems. With the introduction of space division multiplexing in optical fiber transmission systems, new impairments, such as mode dependent loss and differential mode dispersion arise. Spatially-diverse optical vector network analyzers are capable of measuring these characteristics in a fast single sweep over a very large bandwidth. As a result of this large bandwidth, these analyzers are sensitive to differential chromatic dispersion within the interferometric measurement setup. This study discusses the influence and compensation of differential chromatic dispersion in such systems. Partial chromatic dispersion compensation is demonstrated to improve the representation and accuracy of impulse response measurements obtained from optical vector network analyzers for fibers and components with large differential chromatic dispersion. Analysis of a 39-core few-mode multi-core fiber is discussed, reporting variances of −2.9–0.1 ps/nm, and 0.6–6.9 ps/nm for the two mode groups, respectively, between the few-mode cores. A correlation with the total impulse response is observed. Furthermore, a maximum propagation skew of 20 ns between cores is observed after 13.6 km.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8736774
Pages (from-to)4001-4007
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Volume37
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2019

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Keywords

  • Component analysis
  • device characterization
  • differential mode dispersion
  • mode dependent loss
  • optical vector network analysis
  • space division multiplexing

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