Emotionele arbeid en psychologisch welzijn van docenten (Emotional labour and well-being of teachers)

S. Stringer, A.P.E. Ouweneel, P.M. Blanc, Le, A. Cheriakova, J. Smulders

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Abstract

Emotional labour could have negative as well as positive effects on the employees' psychological well-being. In this cross-sectional study among 149 high school teachers, the relationship between emotional labour – in this study conceptualized as emotional demands – and emotional exhaustion and work engagement respectively was studied. First of all, it was examined whether emotional dissonance mediates the relationship between emotional demands and both emotional exhaustion and work engagement. Next, the possible moderating effect of two emotion regulation strategies, surface acting and deep acting, on the relationship between emotional dissonance and the two outcome variables was studied. The results showed that emotional dissonance partially mediated the relationship between emotional demands and emotional exhaustion. Furthermore, it was found that deep acting had a buffer effect on the negative relationship between emotional dissonance and work engagement. Finally, the implications of the results are discussed and suggestions for further research are mentioned. Key words: emotional labour, emotional dissonance, emotion regulation strategies, emotional exhaustion, work engagement
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-268
JournalGedrag en Organisatie
Volume22
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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