Recent studies by Söderfeldt et al. (1996) and de Jonge et al. (1999) have demonstrated that Karasek's operationalization of job demands in his well-known Job Demands-Control (JD-C) Model (Karasek, 1979), i.e. quantitative demands, cannot capture the complexities of working with patients or clients in health care work. In the current study on burnout among 816 Dutch oncology care providers, the "traditional" JD-C Model was extended by including two types of emotional job demands. Moreover, "susceptibility to emotional contagion" was included as a potential moderator of the relationship between emotional job demands and burnout. Emotional job demands significantly contributed to the prediction of burnout, after controlling for quantitative job demands and job control. In addition, care providers' susceptibility to emotional contagion moderated the relationship between "confrontation with death and dying" and burnout. Care providers high in susceptibility to emotional contagion were more "vulnerable" to the stress associated with high emotional demands than their counterparts.