Embodied Agents for Obstetric Simulation Training

Carlos Pereira Santos, Joey Relouw, Kevin Hutchinson-Lhuissier, Alexander van Buggenum, Agathe Boudry, Annemarie Fransen, Myrthe van der Ven, Igor Mayer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Post-partum hemorrhaging is a medical emergency that occurs during childbirth and, in extreme cases, can be life-threatening. It is the number one cause of maternal mortality worldwide. High-quality training of medical staff can contribute to early diagnosis and work towards preventing escalation towards more serious cases. Healthcare education uses manikin-based simulators to train obstetricians for various childbirth scenarios before training on real patients. However, these medical simulators lack certain key features portraying important symptoms and are incapable of communicating with the trainees. The authors present a digital embodiment agent that can improve the current state of the art by providing a specification of the requirements as well as an extensive design and development approach. This digital embodiment allows educators to respond and role-play as the patient in real time and can easily be integrated with existing training procedures. This research was performed in collaboration with medical experts, making a new contribution to medical training by bringing digital humans and the representation of affective interfaces to the field of healthcare.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIUI 2023
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 28th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)979-8-4007-0106-1
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2023
Externally publishedYes
Event28th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, IUI 2023 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 27 Mar 202331 Mar 2023


Conference28th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, IUI 2023


This research was funded by grant No.: PROJ-007246 from the Operational Program South, the European Union, the Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Province of Noord-Brabant, and the municipality of Tilburg awarded to MML. Tilburg University (TiU), BlueTea, Noldus, Breda University of Applied Sciences (BUas), Royal Netherlands Aerospace Centre (NLR), Spaarne Hospital, and Fontys Applied University Eindhoven created the digital agent architecture. BUas created the photogrammetry pipeline, 3D face models, and integrated Microsoft Azure into the architecture, a special thanks to the Maxima Medisch Centrum for the support with the obstetrical knowledge and verification of the medical information.

FundersFunder number
European Commission
Ministerie van Economische Zaken en Klimaat


    • Affective Computing
    • Conversational Interfaces
    • Embodied Agents
    • Intelligent User Interfaces


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