Electrophoretic deposition of graphene-related materials: a review of the fundamentals

Mani Diba, Derrick W.H. Fam, Aldo R. Boccaccini (Corresponding author), Milo S.P. Shaffer (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

202 Citations (Scopus)


The Electrophoretic Deposition (EPD) of graphene-related materials (GRMs) is an attractive strategy for a wide range of applications. This review paper provides an overview of the fundamentals and specific technical aspects of this approach, highlighting its advantages and limitations, in particular considering the issues that arise specifically from the behaviour and dimensionality of GRMs. Since obtaining a stable dispersion of charged particles is a pre-requisite for successful EPD, the strategies for suspending GRMs in different media are discussed, along with the resulting influence on the deposited film. Most importantly, the kinetics involved in the EPD of GRMs and the factors that cause deviation from linearity in Hamaker's Law are reviewed. Side reactions often influence both the efficiency of deposition and the nature of the deposited material; examples include the reduction of graphene oxide (GO) and related materials, as well as the decomposition of the suspension medium at high potentials. The microstructural characteristics of GRM deposits, including their degree of reduction and orientation, strongly influence their performance in their intended function. These factors will also determine, to a large extent, the commercial potential of this technique for applications involving GRMs, and are therefore discussed here.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-117
Number of pages35
JournalProgress in Materials Science
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Electrophoretic deposition
  • Graphene
  • Graphene oxide
  • Graphene related materials


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