Electric-field induced oscillating surface waves with programmable shapes

Fabian L.L. Visschers, Dirk J. Broer, Danqing Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


An important part of the communication between a device and its environment occurs via their interface. Currently, the surface of many devices is still static and cannot be programmed to communicate dynamically with its surroundings. By bringing these static surfaces into motion, devices can potentially provide haptic feedback, switch between specular and diffuse reflection, or actively transport material at the device surface. Recently, we introduced a new design to create oscillating surface waves into an initially flat surface using a continuous AC electric field. In this paper we present new insights in the parameters that influence the surface dynamics, focusing on how circuit and electrode pattern design can be optimized to obtain naturally favorable dynamic surface topographies with programmable shapes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElectroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) XXII
EditorsYoseph Bar-Cohen, Iain A. Anderson, Herbert R. Shea
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781510635272
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2020
EventElectroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) XXII 2020 - None, United States
Duration: 27 Apr 20208 May 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceElectroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) XXII 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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