Eight-dimensional polarization-ring-switching modulation formats

Bin Chen, Chigo Okonkwo, Hartmut Hafermann, Alex Alvarado

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We propose two 8-dimensional (8D) modulation formats (8D-2048PRS-T1 and 8D-2048PRS-T2) with a spectral efficiency of 5.5 bit/4D-sym, where the 8 dimensions are obtained from two time slots and two polarizations. Both formats provide a higher tolerance to nonlinearity by selecting symbols with nonidentical states of polarization (SOPs) in two time slots. The performance of these novel 8D modulation formats is assessed in terms of the effective signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and normalized generalized mutual information. 8D-2048PRS-T1 is more suitable for high SNRs, while 8D-2048PRS-T2 is shown to be more tolerant to nonlinearities. A sensitivity improvement of at least 0.25 dB is demonstrated by maximizing normalized generalized mutual information (NGMI). For a long-haul nonlinear optical fiber transmission system, the benefit of mitigating the nonlinearity is demonstrated and a reach increase of 6.7% (560 km) over time-domain hybrid four-dimensional two-amplitude eight-phase shift keying (TDH-4D-2A8PSK) is observed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8847645
Pages (from-to)1717-1720
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number21
Early online date24 Sep 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019


  • Achievable information rates
  • fiber nonlinearity
  • generalized mutual information
  • multidimensional modulation

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