Efficient coupling of single photons to ridge-waveguide photonic integrated circuits

S. Fattahpoor, T.B. Hoang, L. Midolo, C.P. Dietrich, L.H. Li, E.H. Linfield, J.F.P. Schouwenberg, T. Xia, F.M. Pagliano, F.W.M. Otten, van, A. Fiore

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Abstract

We demonstrate the efficient coupling of single photons emitted by single quantum dots (QDs) in a photonic crystal cavity (PhCC) to a ridge waveguide (RWG). Using a single-step lithographic process with an optimized tapering, up to 70% coupling efficiency between the photonic crystal waveguide and the RWG was achieved. The emission enhancement of single QDs inside an in-line PhCC coupled via the RWG to a single-mode fiber was observed. Single-photon funneling rates around 3.5¿MHz from a single QD into the RWG were obtained. This result is a step toward the realization of a fully functional quantum photonic integrated circuit.
Original languageEnglish
Article number131105
Pages (from-to)131105-1/5
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume102
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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