We use a mesoscopic simulation technique to study the effect of short-ranged interparticle attractions on the steady-state sedimentation of colloidal suspensions. Attractions increase the average sedimentation velocity vs compared to the pure hard-sphere case, and for strong enough attractions, a nonmonotonic dependence on the packing fraction f with a maximum velocity at intermediate f is observed. Attractions also strongly enhance hydrodynamic velocity fluctuations, which show a pronounced maximum size as a function of f. These phenomena arise from a complex interplay between nonequilibrium hydrodynamic effects and the thermodynamics of transient cluster formation. © 2010 The American Physical Society.
Moncho-Jordá, A., Louis, A. A., & Padding, J. T. (2010). Effects of interparticle attractions on colloidal sedimentation. Physical Review Letters, 104(6), 068301-1/4. . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.068301