The European Union (EU) has formulated several rounds of energy goals to comply with the Paris Agreement. This chapter reviews and evaluates the effectiveness of EU green policies that aim at encouraging households to reduce CO2 emissions from both transportation and home energy consumption/production perspectives. The literature on energy policy, energy economics, and (applied) social and environmental psychology is reviewed and categorized into household long-term transport decisions (i.e., car ownership, new mobility tools, modeling) and household in-home behavior (i.e., prosumer, energy conservation behavior, household perception, antecedent/consequence strategies). Particular attention is given to the following evaluation criteria: (1) to what extent did the green policies result in behavioral change, reduction in conventional energy usage, and/or an increase of renewable energy production; and (2) were the effects maintained over a longer period of time?
|Title of host publication||Transport and Energy Research: A Behavioral Perspective|
|Number of pages||42|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|