Effect of supplementary implantation of a sulcus-fixated intraocular lens in patients with negative dysphotopsia

Natalia Y. Makhotkina, Vincent Dugrain, Daniel Purchase, Tos T.J.M. Berendschot, Rudy M.M.A. Nuijts

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Purpose: To evaluate whether the outcome of negative dysphotopsia treatment by implantation of a Sulcoflex intraocular lens (IOL) can be understood using individual biometry and optical modeling data. Setting: University Eye Clinic, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, the Netherlands. Design: Retrospective case series. Methods: Patients with negative dysphotopsia were treated with supplementary implantation of a sulcus-fixated IOL. Preoperative and postoperative ray-tracing optical models of eyes with negative dysphotopsia were constructed in the Zemax Optic Studio program using individual biometric data. The relationship between biometric parameters, ray-tracing data, and the course of negative dysphotopsia was evaluated. Results: The study comprised 8 patients (10 eyes). After surgery, negative dysphotopsia resolved completely in 6 eyes, partially in 2 eyes, and persisted in 2 eyes. There was no relationship between the course of negative dysphotopsia and age, IOL power, or individual biometry results other than a larger angle κ that was observed in 2 patients with persistent negative dysphotopsia after surgery. Preoperative ray-tracing models showed a decrease in light irradiance at the periphery relative to the center of visual field. After sulcus-fixated IOL implantation, this decrease partially resolved, in particular, for a small pupil aperture (P <.05), and it was more prominent in patients in whom negative dysphotopsia resolved completely than in those with partial or persistent negative dysphotopsia (P =.065 at 1.5 mm aperture). Conclusions: Of all individual biometry results, only angle κ showed a relationship with the course of negative dysphotopsia. In patient-specific optical modeling of sulcus-fixated IOL implantation, the increase in simulated light irradiance at the periphery was related to the course of negative dysphotopsia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-218
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


  • Aged
  • Biometry
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular/methods
  • Lenses, Intraocular
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phacoemulsification/methods
  • Pseudophakia/physiopathology
  • Reoperation
  • Retina/physiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Suture Techniques
  • Vision Disorders/surgery
  • Visual Field Tests
  • Visual Fields/physiology

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