Using XPS, BET, XRD, TG-DTA, HRTEM-EDX, TPR and UV-Vis Diffuse Reflectance spectroscopic methods the electronic, redox and structural properties of Mn-Na-W/ SiO2 catalysts prepared by the incipient wetness impregnation method and mixture slurry method were studied in detail. Since POSS nanotechnology (POSS = polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes) has attracted attention as tooling for synthesis of catalysts with novel properties and functionalities, we expanded this method for the preparation of Mn-Na-W/ SiO2 catalyst. The physicochemical and catalytic properties of Mn-Na-W/ SiO2 catalysts prepared by conventional methods and POSS nanotechnology were examined comparatively. In all studied Mn-Na-W/ SiO2 catalysts both individual oxides (MnOx, WO3) and bimetal oxide phases (Na2WO4, MnWO4) are found in addition to oxide particles of high dispersion. The UV-Vis Diffuse Reflectance indicates that Na+ cations facilitates stabilization of octahedrally coordinated Mn3+ Oh cations in the isolated state, while Mn3+ Oh promote the disordering of W6+ cations in the supported system. The Mn-Na-W/ SiO2 prepared using metal-POSS precursors marks out presence of unglobular SiO2 particles, higher dispersion of MnOx and MnWO4 particles and more easily reducible metal-oxide species. The catalysts prepared by incipient impregnation method and mixture slurry method have practically similar catalytic performance while the catalyst prepared by POSS nanotechnology method shows lower activity and selectivity. At 800−850 °C the increase of C2 hydrocarbons yield from 4 to 15% and the rise of molar ratio C2H4/C2H6 from 0.2 to 1 are observed when impregnation or mixture slurry method are used for catalyst preparation instead of POSS nanotechnology method.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Eurasian Chemico-Technological Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2016|
- Mn-Na-W/ SiO catalysts
- Oxidative coupling of methane
- Preparation methods