Anisotropic particles are present in many natural and industrial flows. Here we perform direct numerical simulation (DNS) of turbulent pipe flows with dispersed finite-size prolate spheroids simulated by means of the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM). We consider three different particle shapes: spheroidal (aspect ratio 2 and 3) and spherical. These three simulations are complemented with a reference simulation of a single-phase flow. For the sake of comparison, all simulations, laden or unladen have the same energy input. The flow geometry used is a straight pipe with length eight times its radius where the fluid is randomly seeded with 256 finite-size particles. The volume fraction of particles in the flow has been kept fixed at 0.48% by varying the major and minor axis of each particle such that their volume remains the same. We studied the effect of different particle shapes on particle dynamics and orientation, as well as on the flow modulation. We show that the local accumulation of spheres close to the wall decreases for spheroids with increasing aspect ratio. These spheroidal particles rotate slower than spheres near to the wall and tend to stay with their major axes aligned to the flow streamwise direction. Despite the lower rotation rates, a higher intermittency in the rotational rates was observed for spheroids and this increase at increasing the aspect ratio. The drag reduction observed for particles with higher aspect ratio have also been investigated using the one-dimensional energy and dissipation spectra. These results point to the relevance of particle shapes on their dynamics and their influence on the turbulent flow.
- Topical issue: Flowing Matter, Problems and Applications