Partially Premixed Combustion (PPC) is a combustion concept that aims to provide combustion with low smoke and NOx emissions and a high thermal efficiency. Extending the ignition delay to enhance premixing, avoiding spray-driven combustion, and controlling temperature at an optimum level through use of suitable dilution levels has been recognized as a key factor to achieve such a concept. Fuels with high auto-ignition resistance do extend ignition delay. In this work three ternary blends of an alcohol (ethanol or n-butanol), n-heptane and iso-octane with a target research octane number (RON) of 70 are studied. RON70 was earlier found to be close to optimal for PPC over a large load range. The objective of this research is to analyze the sensitivity of the combustion parameters to changes in air-excess ratio when using these three blends. The engine was operated at 1250 rpm and 1000 bar injection pressure with a single injection strategy. Results revealed that efficiency was increased from rich to lean combustion, and these three blends show distinct premixed combustion even in lean PPC operation. The premixed fraction of combustion however reduces with the increase of air-excess ratio, which is especially apparent for PRF70 which consists of n-heptane and iso-octane alone.
- Partially premixed combustion
- Air-excess ratio
- Primary reference fuel
- IC engines