Early age mechanical behaviour of 3D printed concrete: Numerical modelling and experimental testing

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Abstract

A numerical model was developed to analyse the mechanical behaviour of fresh, 3D printed concrete, in the range of 0 to 90 min after material deposition. The model was based on a time-dependent Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion and linear stress-strain behaviour up to failure. An experimental program, consisting of unconfined uniaxial compression tests and direct shear tests, was set-up and performed to obtain the required material properties. The material tests showed that the Young's modulus and cohesion linearly increase with fresh concrete age, as do the compressive and shear strength. The Poisson's ratio and angle of internal friction, on the other hand, remain constant. Subsequently, the model was validated by comparison to printing experiments. Modelling of the printed samples reproduced the experimental results qualitatively, but the quantitative agreement with the print experiments could be improved. However, the deviations can well be explained and the type of failure-deformation mode was predicted accurately.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-116
Number of pages14
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume106
Issue numberApril 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • 3D printing
  • Experimental validation
  • Finite element modelling
  • Fresh concrete
  • Mechanical properties

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