Dynamics of gold clusters on ceria during CO oxidation

Ming-Wen Chang, Long Zhang, M.R. Davids, Ivo A.W. Filot, Emiel J.M. Hensen (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Modeling the evolution of the active phase in terms of shape and composition in supported catalysts as function of the reaction conditions is an important challenge. Herein, we employ methods rooted in genetic algorithms and grand canonical Monte-Carlo simulations to determine relevant structures of a gold clusters placed on a ceria support in oxygen atmosphere. Based on optimized structures, microkinetics simulations identify relevant structures present under the out-of-equilibrium conditions of the ongoing CO oxidation reaction. The results emphasize the role of cationic gold atoms at the interface between gold and ceria, which bind oxygen atoms strongly. At low temperature and low CO/O2 ratio, the catalytic cycle for a 6-atom gold cluster mainly involves the Au6O3 and Au6O2 couple via the associative O2 mechanism of CO oxidation. At higher CO/O2 ratio and elevated temperature, the Au6O and Au6 couple are the dominant active species.

Au/CeO2CO oxidationDFTGenetic AlgorithmsMicrokinetics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • Au/CeO
  • CO oxidation
  • DFT
  • Genetic algorithms
  • Microkinetics


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