Dynamic water behaviour due to one trapped air pocket in a laboratory pipeline apparatus

A. Bergant, U. Karadžić, A. Tijsseling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
115 Downloads (Pure)


Trapped air pockets may cause severe operational problems in hydropower and water supply systems. A locally isolated air pocket creates distinct amplitude, shape and timing of pressure pulses. This paper investigates dynamic behaviour of a single trapped air pocket. The air pocket is incorporated as a boundary condition into the discrete gas cavity model (DGCM). DGCM allows small gas cavities to form at computational sections in the method of characteristics (MOC). The growth of the pocket and gas cavities is described by the water hammer compatibility equation(s), the continuity equation for the cavity volume, and the equation of state of an ideal gas. Isentropic behaviour is assumed for the trapped gas pocket and an isothermal bath for small gas cavities. Experimental investigations have been performed in a laboratory pipeline apparatus. The apparatus consists of an upstream end high-pressure tank, a horizontal steel pipeline (total length 55.37 m, inner diameter 18 mm), four valve units positioned along the pipeline including the end points, and a downstream end tank. A trapped air pocket is captured between two ball valves at the downstream end of the pipeline. The transient event is initiated by rapid opening of the upstream end valve; the downstream end valve stays closed during the event. Predicted and measured results for a few typical cases are compared and discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52007
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016


Dive into the research topics of 'Dynamic water behaviour due to one trapped air pocket in a laboratory pipeline apparatus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this