Dynamic response of chlorine atoms on a RuO2(110) model catalyst surface

J.P. Hofmann, S. Zweidinger, A.P. Seitsonen, A. Farkas, M. Knapp, O. Balmes, E. Lundgren, J.N. Andersen, H. Over

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    The dynamic behavior of surface accommodated chlorine atoms on RuO2(110) was studied by a variety of experimental methods including high resolution core level shift, thermal desorption-, and in situ infrared spectroscopy as well as in situ surface X-ray diffraction in combination with state-of-the-art density functional theory calculations. On the chlorinated RuO2(110) surface the undercoordinated oxygen atoms have been selectively replaced by chlorine. These strongly bound surface chlorine atoms shift from bridging to on-top sites when the sample is annealed in oxygen, while the reverse shift of Cl from on-top into bridge positions is observed during CO exposure; the vacant bridge position is then occupied by either chlorine or CO. For the CO oxidation reaction over chlorinated RuO2(110), the reactant induced site switching of chlorine causes a site-blocking of the catalytically active one-fold coordinatively unsaturated (1f-cus) Ru sites. This site blocking reduces the number of active sites and, even more important, on-top Cl blocks the free migration of the adsorbed reactants along the one-dimensional 1f-cus Ru rows, thus leading to a loss of catalytic activity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)15358-15366
    JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
    Issue number47
    Publication statusPublished - 2010


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