Dynamic imaging of cytosolic zinc in Arabidopsis roots combining FRET sensors and RootChip technology

V. Lanquar, G. Grossmann, J.L. Vinkenborg, M. Merkx, S. Thomine, W.B. Frommer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Zinc plays a central role in all living cells as a cofactor for enzymes and as a structural element enabling the adequate folding of proteins. In eukaryotic cells, metals are highly compartmentalized and chelated. Although essential to characterize the mechanisms of Zn(2+) homeostasis, the measurement of free metal concentrations in living cells has proved challenging and the dynamics are difficult to determine. Our work combines the use of genetically encoded Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) sensors and a novel microfluidic technology, the RootChip, to monitor the dynamics of cytosolic Zn(2+) concentrations in Arabidopsis root cells. Our experiments provide estimates of cytosolic free Zn(2+) concentrations in Arabidopsis root cells grown under sufficient (0.4 nM) and excess (2 nM) Zn(2+) supply. In addition, monitoring the dynamics of cytosolic [Zn(2+) ] in response to external supply suggests the involvement of high- and low-affinity uptake systems as well as release from internal stores. In this study, we demonstrate that the combination of genetically encoded FRET sensors and microfluidics provides an attractive tool to monitor the dynamics of cellular metal ion concentrations over a wide concentration range in root cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-208
Number of pages11
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume202
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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