A novel method of Zero-Moment-Point (ZMP) compensation is proposed to improve the stability of locomotion of a biped, which is subjected to disturbances. A compensating torque is injected into the ankle-joint of the foot of the robot to improve stability. The value of the compensating torque is computed from the reading of the force sensors located at the four corners of each foot. The effectiveness of the method is verified on a humanoid robot, MANUS-I. With the compensation technique, the robot successfully rejected disturbances in different forms. It carried an additional weight of 390 gm (17% of body weight) while walking. Also, it walked up a 10 slope and walked down a 3 slope.
- Biped locomotion
- Zero-Moment-Point compensation