Distribution network monitoring: Interaction between EU legal conditions and state estimation accuracy

Niels Blaauwbroek, Dirk Kuiken, Phuong Nguyen, Hans Vedder, Martha Roggenkamp, Han Slootweg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (SciVal)
103 Downloads (Pure)


The expected increase in uncertainty regarding energy consumption and production from intermittent distributed energy resources calls for advanced network control capabilities and (household) customer flexibility in the distribution network. Depending on the control applications deployed, grid monitoring capabilities that accurately capture the system operation state are required. In order to establish such monitoring capabilities, several technical and legal challenges relating to monitoring accuracy, user privacy, and cost efficiency need to be tackled. As these aspects have complex mutual interdependencies, a universal approach for realising distribution network monitoring is not straightforward. Therefore, this article highlights these issues and proposes a method to evaluate monitoring accuracy and the proportionality of personal data processing, and to illustrate the interdependencies between finding the legal grounds for data processing and the monitoring accuracy the processed data produces. To illustrate the method, several test cases are presented, in which the accuracy of network monitoring is assessed for different measurement configurations, followed by an analysis on the legality of the configurations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-87
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Policy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018


  • Electrical distribution network
  • Legal framework
  • Measurement data
  • Monitoring accuracy
  • Privacy
  • State estimation


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