Discrete Eulerian model for population genetics and dynamics under flow

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Abstract

Marine species reproduce and compete while being advected by turbulent flows. It is largely unknown, both theoretically and experimentally, how population dynamics and genetics are changed by the presence of fluid flows. Discrete agent-based simulations in continuous space allow for accurate treatment of advection and number fluctuations, but can be computationally expensive for even modest organism densities. In this report, we propose an algorithm to overcome some of these challenges. We first provide a thorough validation of the algorithm in one and two dimensions without flow. Next, we focus on the case of weakly compressible flows in two dimensions. This models organisms such as phytoplankton living at a specific depth in the three-dimensional, incompressible ocean experiencing upwelling and/or downwelling events. We show that organisms born at sources in a two-dimensional time-independent flow experience an increase in fixation probability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number062105
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume100
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2019

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