### Abstract

Gas-liquid-solid three phase flows are encountered in for example the Fischer Tropsch process for the production of synthetic fuels in bubble slurry columns. To predict the hydrodynamics in large slurry bubble columns a multi-scale modeling approach can be used, which accounts for the large variation in time and length scales. In this paper, the smallest scale model has been developed using the Front Tracking model of Dijkhuizen et al. (2010b) and the Immersed Boundary model of Kriebitzsch (2011). In the Front Tracking model, each bubble is tracked separately. Furthermore, the Immersed Boundary method introduces the particle-fluid and the particle-particle (via a hard sphere model) interactions in the model. The resulting hybrid Front Tracking Immersed Boundary model is able to simulate dense three-phase flows and account for swarm effects in a fundamental manner. From our simulations we found that the relative drag coefficient of bubbles in three-phase flows seems to increase with increasing solids volume fraction. However, longer averaging periods are needed to derive a fully predictive correlation for the relative drag coefficient with respect to the solid volume fraction..

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Proceedings 11th International Conference on Gas-Liquid & Gas-Liquid-Solid Reactor Engineering, 19-22 August 2013, Seoul, South Korea |

Publication status | Published - 2013 |

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## Cite this

Baltussen, M. W., Seelen, L. J. H., Kuipers, J. A. M., & Deen, N. G. (2013). Direct numerical simulations of gas-liquid-solid three phase flows. In

*Proceedings 11th International Conference on Gas-Liquid & Gas-Liquid-Solid Reactor Engineering, 19-22 August 2013, Seoul, South Korea*