Direct numerical simulation of fluid flow and mass transfer in particle clusters

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In this paper, an efficient ghost-cell based immersed boundary method is applied to perform direct numerical simulation (DNS) of mass transfer problems in particle clusters. To be specific, a nine-sphere cuboid cluster and a random-generated spherical cluster consisting of 100 spheres are studied. In both cases, the cluster is composed of active catalysts and inert particles, and the mutual influence of particles on their mass transfer performance is studied. To simulate active catalysts the Dirichlet boundary condition is imposed at the external surface of spheres, while the zero-flux Neumann boundary condition is applied for inert particles. Through our studies, clustering is found to have negative influence on the mass transfer performance, which can be then improved by dilution with inert particles and higher Reynolds numbers. The distribution of active/inert particles may lead to large variations of the cluster mass transfer performance, and individual particle deep inside the cluster may possess a high Sherwood number.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4664-4679
Number of pages16
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2018


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