Direct numerical simulation for flow and heat transfer through random open-cell solid foams: Development of an IBM based CFD model

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27 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

In the present contribution a sharp interface Immersed Boundary Method (IBM) for flow and heat transfer has been developed to fully resolve highly complex random solid structure on a non-body fitted Cartesian computational grid. A 3D image data set from a Micro-CT (computed tomography) scan of an actual foam geometry is usually converted into a surface mesh of unstructured triangular elements and the current frame work can embed it as an immersed boundary in the CFD domain. A second-order implicit (semi-implicit) method is used to incorporate fluid-solid coupling for flow (heat transfer) at the non-conforming immersed boundary in a structured grid. Both temperature Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions, as well as a conjugate heat transfer condition are incorporated at the fluid-solid interface. The proposed method is validated rigorously with existing literature results. The use of a Cartesian grid for flow makes this method robust, computational friendly, and at the same time it avoids the tedious volumetric mesh generation process for very complex shapes. To demonstrate the capability of the current method, it is applied to study flow and heat transfer of a typical foam sample with different flow properties. A closure for pressure drop and heat transfer coefficient are derived for the typical foam sample.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-150
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume273
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2016
Event5th International Conference on Structured Catalysts and Reactors, ICOSCAR-5, Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain, 22-24 June, 2016 - San Sebastian, Spain
Duration: 22 Jun 201624 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Conjugate heat transfer
  • Immersed boundary method (IBM)
  • Open-cell solid foam
  • Pore-scale level numerical simulation
  • Porous medium

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