Dipolar triplet states of para-nitroaniline and N-alkyl; Derivatives with one-, two-, and three-fold symmetry

W. Schuddeboom, J.M. Warman, H.A.M. Biemans, E.W. Meijer

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Abstract

Photoexcitation of p-nitroaniline (PNA) and its N-alkyl derivs. results in the formation of triplet states with dipole moments considerably larger than that of the ground state, as monitored by time-resolved microwave cond. (TRMC). The triplet state lifetime, tT, is only 54 ns for PNA in benzene but increases to 1400 ns on N,N-di-Me substitution and to 275 ns in the more polar solvent p-dioxane. This sensitivity of tT is attributed to the close proximity of all of the lowest lying singlet and triplet np* and pp* states of PNA, which results in substantial S1 .tautm. T1 mixing. The dipole moment of the \"pure\" 3pp* state is estd. to be 11 D. Methylene-bridged arrays of PNA moieties with two- and three-fold Dn symmetry, 2-PNA and 3-PNA, are also found to have highly dipolar triplet states, indicating that symmetry breaking and exciton localization occur in T1. Flip-flop interchange between the resonant dipolar structures is estd. to take place on a time scale of tens of picoseconds. Collective interactions between the PNA moieties in the multichromophoric arrays results in a marked blue shift in the first absorption max. from 384 nm for 1-PNA to 375 nm for 2-PNA and to 354 nm for 3-PNA
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12369-12373
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry
Volume100
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

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