Dilatometric investigation of deformation mechanisms in polystyrene-polyethylene block copolymer blends. Correlation between Poisson ratio and adhesion

W.J. Coumans, D. Heikens, S.D. Sjoerdsma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The deformation behavior of blends contg. polystyrene (I) [9003-53-6], low-d. polyethylene (II) [9002-88-4], and a hydrogenated butadiene-styrene diblock copolymer (III) was examd. by tensile testing with simultaneous vol. measurements. Assuming that shearing causes no vol. changes, crazing, after yielding, was the only deformation mechanism in blends with low I and III contents. Shearing became important in blends with high I concns. due to formation of a semicontinuous low modulus phase. The decrease in the Poisson ratio with increasing II content in I-II blends, as opposed to an increase in the presence of III, shows the Poisson ratio to be very sensitive to adhesion between the components. The toughness of I-II blends is discussed in terms of concns. of craze nuclei. Too few craze nuclei give rise to brittle failure because the resulting low no. of crazes cannot accommodate much deformation of the matrix whereas too many craze nuclei also cause brittle failure because of the high probability of combination of the crazes to form a crack. The concn. of craze nuclei depends on the no. of dispersed particles and their adhesion to the matrix. [on SciFinder (R)]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-108
JournalPolymer
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1980

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