DigitSpace: designing thumb-to-fingers touch interfaces for one-handed and eyes-free interactions

Da-Yuan Huang, Liwei Chan, Shuo Yang, Fan Wang, Rong-Hao Liang, De-Nian Yang, Yi-Ping Hung, Bing-Yu Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thumb-to-fingers interfaces augment touch widgets on fingers, which are manipulated by the thumb. Such interfaces are ideal for one-handed eyes-free input since touch widgets on the fingers enable easy access by the stylus thumb. This study presents DigitSpace, a thumb-to-fingers interface that addresses two ergonomic factors: hand anatomy and touch precision. Hand anatomy restricts possible movements of a thumb, which further influences the physical comfort during the interactions. Touch precision is a human factor that determines how precisely users can manipulate touch widgets set on fingers, which determines effective layouts of the widgets. Buttons and touchpads were considered in our studies to enable discrete and continuous input in an eyes-free manner. The first study explores the regions of fingers where the interactions can be comfortably performed. According to the comfort regions, the second and third studies explore effective layouts for button and touchpad widgets. The experimental results indicate that participants could discriminate at least 16 buttons on their fingers. For touchpad, participants were asked to perform unistrokes. Our results revealed that since individual participant performed a coherent writing behavior, personalized $1 recognizers could offer 92% accuracy on a cross-finger touchpad. A series of design guidelines are proposed for designers, and a DigitSpace prototype that uses magnetic-tracking methods is demonstrated.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCHI '16: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Place of PublicationNew York, NY, USA
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages1526-1537
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)978-1-4503-3362-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event34th Annual ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2016) - San Jose, United States
Duration: 7 May 201612 May 2016
Conference number: 34
https://chi2016.acm.org/wp
https://chi2016.acm.org/wp

Conference

Conference34th Annual ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2016)
Abbreviated titleCHI 2016
CountryUnited States
CitySan Jose
Period7/05/1612/05/16
Internet address

Fingerprint

Ergonomics
Human engineering

Keywords

  • ergonomics, eyes-free, one-handed, thumb-to-fingers

Cite this

Huang, D-Y., Chan, L., Yang, S., Wang, F., Liang, R-H., Yang, D-N., ... Chen, B-Y. (2016). DigitSpace: designing thumb-to-fingers touch interfaces for one-handed and eyes-free interactions. In CHI '16: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1526-1537). New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. https://doi.org/10.1145/2858036.2858483
Huang, Da-Yuan ; Chan, Liwei ; Yang, Shuo ; Wang, Fan ; Liang, Rong-Hao ; Yang, De-Nian ; Hung, Yi-Ping ; Chen, Bing-Yu. / DigitSpace: designing thumb-to-fingers touch interfaces for one-handed and eyes-free interactions. CHI '16: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York, NY, USA : Association for Computing Machinery, Inc, 2016. pp. 1526-1537
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abstract = "Thumb-to-fingers interfaces augment touch widgets on fingers, which are manipulated by the thumb. Such interfaces are ideal for one-handed eyes-free input since touch widgets on the fingers enable easy access by the stylus thumb. This study presents DigitSpace, a thumb-to-fingers interface that addresses two ergonomic factors: hand anatomy and touch precision. Hand anatomy restricts possible movements of a thumb, which further influences the physical comfort during the interactions. Touch precision is a human factor that determines how precisely users can manipulate touch widgets set on fingers, which determines effective layouts of the widgets. Buttons and touchpads were considered in our studies to enable discrete and continuous input in an eyes-free manner. The first study explores the regions of fingers where the interactions can be comfortably performed. According to the comfort regions, the second and third studies explore effective layouts for button and touchpad widgets. The experimental results indicate that participants could discriminate at least 16 buttons on their fingers. For touchpad, participants were asked to perform unistrokes. Our results revealed that since individual participant performed a coherent writing behavior, personalized $1 recognizers could offer 92{\%} accuracy on a cross-finger touchpad. A series of design guidelines are proposed for designers, and a DigitSpace prototype that uses magnetic-tracking methods is demonstrated.",
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Huang, D-Y, Chan, L, Yang, S, Wang, F, Liang, R-H, Yang, D-N, Hung, Y-P & Chen, B-Y 2016, DigitSpace: designing thumb-to-fingers touch interfaces for one-handed and eyes-free interactions. in CHI '16: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Association for Computing Machinery, Inc, New York, NY, USA, pp. 1526-1537, 34th Annual ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2016), San Jose, United States, 7/05/16. https://doi.org/10.1145/2858036.2858483

DigitSpace: designing thumb-to-fingers touch interfaces for one-handed and eyes-free interactions. / Huang, Da-Yuan; Chan, Liwei; Yang, Shuo; Wang, Fan; Liang, Rong-Hao; Yang, De-Nian; Hung, Yi-Ping; Chen, Bing-Yu.

CHI '16: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York, NY, USA : Association for Computing Machinery, Inc, 2016. p. 1526-1537.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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BT - CHI '16: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems

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CY - New York, NY, USA

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Huang D-Y, Chan L, Yang S, Wang F, Liang R-H, Yang D-N et al. DigitSpace: designing thumb-to-fingers touch interfaces for one-handed and eyes-free interactions. In CHI '16: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. 2016. p. 1526-1537 https://doi.org/10.1145/2858036.2858483