Diffusion of solar photovoltaic systems and electric vehicles among Dutch consumers: implications for the energy transition

M.J. van der Kam, A.A.H. Meelen, W.G.J.H.M. van Sark, F. Alkemade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A key issue in smart grid visions is the integration of the energy and mobility systems. Electric vehicles (EVs) can be charged with renewable photovoltaic (PV) solar power, and contribute to the integration of solar power in the electricity network via vehicle-to-grid systems. In such systems the role of consumers becomes crucial as they both generate and store energy. We investigate differences between PV and EV adopter groups and the implications of these differences for the transition to smart energy systems. We study how socio-demographic characteristics of the consumer base influence regional diffusion patterns. In turn, we build scenarios to explore the influence of diffusion patterns on the viability of regional EV-PV integration in terms of energy use and regional self-consumption. The results point out large differences in the spatial diffusion patterns between EV and PV. These differences have implications for the transition to smart sustainable grids; vehicle-to-grid systems may not be viable for certain regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-85
Number of pages18
JournalEnergy Research and Social Science
Volume46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Diffusion of innovations
  • Electric vehicles
  • Photovoltaic solar panels
  • Smart grids

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