Diffusion in a time-dependent external field

S.A. Trigger, G.J.F. Heijst, van, O. Petrov, P.P.J.M. Schram

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Abstract

The problem of diffusion in a time-dependent (and generally inhomogeneous) external field is considered on the basis of a generalized master equation with two times, introduced by Trigger and co-authors. We consider the case of the quasi-Fokker-Planck approximation, when the probability transition function for diffusion (PTD function) does not possess a long tail in coordinate space and can be expanded as a function of instantaneous displacements. The more complicated case of long tails in the PTD will be discussed separately. We also discuss diffusion on the basis of hydrodynamic and kinetic equations and show the validity of the phenomenological approach. A type of "collision" integral is introduced for the description of diffusion in a system of particles, which can transfer from a moving state to the rest state (with some waiting time distribution). The solution of the appropriate kinetic equation in the external field also confirms the phenomenological approach of the generalized master equation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number011107
Pages (from-to)011107-1/9
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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