The aim of this study is to differentiate between transmural perioperative myocardial infarction (T-PMI) and subendocardial perioperative myocardial injury (S-PMI) as a complication of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Seventy-three patients undergoing CABG were followed post operatively by measuring troponin T, CK-MB isoenzyme mass concentration (CK-MB mass), creatine kinase MB isoenzyme activity (CK-MB activity), creatine kinase (CK), a hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBD), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) at five sampling times. Lacking a proper definition of the gold standard for the diagnosis of perioperative myocardial infarction, a statistical procedure was used. Supported by the cluster analysis method of Ward, patients were assigned to a patient group with a perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI) or a patient group without a PMI (non-PMI) as a confirmation of interpretation of the biochemical results. Using the results of electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiography, the PMI patient group was split into a T-PMI patient group and a S-PMI patient group. With discriminant analysis, two canonic discriminant functions were drawn up to differentiate between patients suffering from a T-PMI or S-PMI and non-PMI patients.