Development of the kinetic model of platinum catalyzed ammonia oxidation in a microreactor

E.V. Rebrov, M.H.J.M. Croon, de, J.C. Schouten

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The ammonia oxidation reaction on supported polycrystalline platinum catalyst was investigated in an aluminum-based microreactor. An extensive set of reactions was included in the chemical reactor modeling to facilitate the construction of a kinetic model capable of satisfactory predictions for a wide range of conditions (NH3 partial pressure, 0.01–0.12 atm; O2 partial pressure, 0.10–0.88 atm; temperature, 523–673 K; contact time, 0.3–0.7 ms). The elementary surface reactions used in developing the mechanism were chosen based on the literature data concerning ammonia oxidation on a Pt catalyst. Parameter estimates for the kinetic model were obtained using multi-response least squares regression analysis using the isothermal plug-flow reactor approximation. To evaluate the model, the behavior of a microstructured reactor was simulated by means of a complete Navier–Stokes model accounting for the reactions on the catalyst surface and the effect of temperature on the physico–chemical properties of the reacting mixture. In this way, the effect of the catalytic wall temperature non-uniformity and the effect of a boundary layer on the ammonia conversion and selectivity were examined. After further optimization of appropriate kinetic parameters, the calculated selectivities and product yields agree very well with the values actually measured in the microreactor.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-76
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2002


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