Development of SnS/In2S3 core-shell nanoparticles for solar cell application

C. Prastani, M. Nanu, D.E. Nanu, R.E.I. Schropp, J.K. Rath

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


SnS nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by a colloidal route at low temperatures and analyzed by several characterization techniques. Whereas transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging conclusively proved quantum dot sized particles (∼4 nm) with a narrow size distribution, Torsional Resonance-Tunneling AFM and Peak Force AFM proved the conductive nature of the particles. The chemical composition, studied by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) showed the ratio S:Sn of 1:1, confirming that the semiconductor is SnS and not any other compound. To passivate the QD surface and protect it from reaction to ambient, core-shell structures were made. The SnS nanoparticles (NPs) were immersed in a CBD bath for deposition of In2S3 layers. The formed core/shell SnS/In 2S3 nanoparticles were separated by centrifugation and washed with ethanol. The structure of the core-shell SnS/In2S 3 NPs has been studied by High Resolution TEM which showed the lattice fringes of the SnS core, surrounded by amorphous matrix, tentatively attributed to In2S3. The EDX confirms the presence of the elements expected. The absorption spectra of SnS/In2S3 nanoparticles with increasing time of CBD In2S3 clearly showed increasing band gap, attributed to thicker In2S3 shell. Research on SnS QDs embedded in CIS solar cells is in progress.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 39th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 16-21 June 2013, Tampa, Florida
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-3299-3
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event39th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC 2013) - Tampa Convention Center , Tampa, United States
Duration: 16 Jun 201321 Jun 2013
Conference number: 39


Conference39th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC 2013)
Abbreviated titlePVSC 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address


  • Chalcogenides
  • Photovoltaic cells
  • Quantum dots
  • Tin Sulphide


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