Developing and testing the team flow monitor (TFM)

Jef J.J. van den Hout (Corresponding author), Josette M.P. Gevers, Orin C. Davis, Mathieu C.D.P. Weggeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
221 Downloads (Pure)


Research has shown that the psychological experience of flow delivers great benefits in all aspects of life, including work settings. But, flow is typically studied at the individual level, even though work often comprises complex tasks performed in teams. Therefore, the focus of this study is on team flow, defined as a shared experience of flow during the execution of interdependent personal tasks in the interest of the team, originating from an optimized team dynamic and typified by seven prerequisites and four characteristics. We developed and tested the Team Flow Monitor as an instrument to assess team flow and related outcomes. The empirical findings of 110 teams support the operationalization of team flow as a second-order model that consists of two factors. Moreover, team flow related positively to individual and team outcomes. These findings suggest that team flow can serve as an important indicator in the management of work teams.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1643962
Number of pages27
JournalCogent Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2019


  • flow
  • happiness
  • multilevel theory
  • team flow
  • team performance
  • teams


Dive into the research topics of 'Developing and testing the team flow monitor (TFM)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this